Third New Jersey Cavalry
Andrew J. Morrison, Colonel
First Commander of the 3rd NJ Cavalry
Born: October 3, 1828

Died: January 28, 1907 in an asylum in Waterbury, NY

Buried: Albany Rural Cemetery, Section 105, Lot 447, Menands, NY

No Children

Appearance:
6' 1 1/2"; fair complexion

Prior Military Experience: Mexican War, William Walker's invasions into Central
America,  Italian Unification War

Civil War Experience: Aide to General Innis Palmer during the Peninsular Campaign
- wounded in action; Command of 26th New Jersey Infantry where he was dismissed
for drunkenness; Command of 3rd New Jersey Cavalry - dismissed again for
drunkenness by General Sheridan

Wounded in action: On June 25, '62 while serving as a volunteer aide (without pay)
on the staff of General Palmer near Richmond, he received a gun shot wound to his
left hand which severed his 2nd and 3rd fingers and caused the almost total loss of
function of his 1st and 4th fingers.  In 1897, after a bill was passed in Congress just for
him, he received a disability pension.  For copy of Congressional Bill - see below link.

Occupation after the war: U.S. Railroad Postal Clerk

Bio excerpts from other sources:

"Morrison was an odd choice for command.  A soldier of fortune, he had fought in
Europe and as a filibuster in Nicaragua and had previously served as colonel of the
Twenty-sixth New Jersey, a nine months regiment.  During the battle of Second
Fredericksburg, part of the Chancellorsville Campaign, Morrison was arrested for
being drunk on duty.  He was court-martialed, found guilty and cashiered.  This would
have ended the military careers of most men, but Morrison was persistent.  He
convinced Governor Parker that his troubles at Fredericksburg were due to the fact
that his foreign experience was with cavalry and his lack of familiarity with infantry
tactics were responsible for his odd behavior at Fredericksburg.  Parker may have
bought this line or repaid an obscure political favor.  In any case Morrison was given
command of his second New Jersey regiment. . . . Assignment to Sheridan's command
put the Butterflies under a much rigorous military eye than Burnside's.  Colonel
Morrison was court-martialed again for drunkenness.  Unable to charm a hard-nosed
commander like Sheridan the way he did Governor Parker, the colonel was forced to
resign."
from Remember, You Are Jerseymen!, by Bilby and Goble


"[Morrison] exemplified a certain segment of experienced Civil War officers who proved
wholly incapable of meaningful military service.  A pre-war mercenary, he had
participated in the Mexican War, William Walker's invasions of Central America, and
the Italian Unification War.  Offering his services to the Union when the war broke out,
he was commissioned Colonel of the 7th New York Cavalry, a unit that was never fully
recruited and never mustered.  He served as an aide to General Innis Palmer during
the Peninsular campaign, where he was wounded.  Offered command of the 26th New
Jersey Infantry, he was commissioned its Colonel.  His military experience helped drill
his men efficiently, but his lack of ability came out during actual combat.  He claimed
sickness and missed the Battle of Fredericksburg. During the Battle of Chancellorsville
while the 26th New Jersey came under fire, Colonel Morrison 'went crazy,' riding his
horse around and shouting incoherent orders.  He was later found to be extremely
drunk, and he was arrested and dismissed from the Army. Soon after, he was able to
convince New Jersey Governor Joel Parker that he was still fit for command, and was
appointed Colonel of the 3rd New Jersey Cavalry regiment.  Again, his military
experience contributed to the 3rd's disciplined training.  But when he returned to
actual combat, Colonel Morrison became drunk and incapacitated again.  He was once
more dismissed from the Army, this time for good, by hard-nosed General Philip
Sheridan, who had no tolerance for such incompetence.  Colonel Morrison died in an
Asylum in Waterbury, New York."  
from http://www.findagrave.com/pictures/8041.html   
Congressional bill H.R. 3572 which grants a pension to Andrew J. Morrison
Photos of  grave site for Col. Morrison and family
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