The Third New Jersey Cavalry
Alexander Armour Yard
Many thanks to Rix Yard for submitting this bio of his grandfather.
     Alexander Amour Yard enlisted from Mercer
County, NJ on April 23, 1861.  Was mustered into
the United States service at Trenton, N.J. as a
sergeant to serve three months in Company A,
3rd Regiment New Jersey Volunteer Infantry
under Captain Joseph A. Yard and Col. Wm. A.
Napton.  The regiment left the state for
Annapolis, MD May 3, 1861, thence to
Washington, D.C. and was encamped at Meridan
Hill until May 24, 1861.  Occupation of Arlington
Heights May 24, 1861.  Was assigned to 1st
brigade, Runyon reserve Division of General
McDowell's Army.  Was on  duty on line of
Alexandria and Loyden Railroad until July 16,
1861.  Advance on Manassas July 16 to 21,
Battle of Bull Run (in reserve) July 21, 1861.  
Finally, Honorably Discharged July 31, 1861 at
Trenton, N.J. by reason of expiration of term of
service.

      He was commissioned as Captain and Aide
de Camp at Camp Vredenberg, Freehold, N.J. in
1862.  Was on staff of Brig. Gen. Chas. Haight
and served as mustering officer.  Assisted in the
muster of 28th and 28th regiments New Jersey
Vol. Inf. in Sept 1862.   Re-entered the U.S.
service July 13, 1863 for a term of three years or
duration of the war as 2nd Lieutenant of
Company I, 2nd Regiment New Jersey Vol.
Cavalry under Capt. Frederick Von Klitzing and
Col. Joseph Karge.  The regiment was organized at Trenton, N.J.  Moved to Washington, D.C.
Oct 5, 1863 and was in camp near Alexandria, VA.  On Nov 9, 1863, moved to the west and
was attached to the cavalry corps of west Tennessee and Mississippi.  Assigned to garrison
and scout duty at Paris, Tenn., Dec 1863 to Jan 1864.  Moved to Union City, Trenton, and
Memphis,Tenn.  Engaged at Aberdeen, Miss. on Feb 19, 1864, Prairie Station on Feb 20,
West Point, Feb 20, Okalono, Feb 21 & 22, Ivy's farm, Feb 23, Tallahatchie River, Feb 23,
Raleigh, Miss, on April 10.

      Transferred to Company B, 3rd Regiment New Jersey Vol. Cavalry.  Was promoted to 1st
Lieutenant to date from Jan 12, 1864 at Memphis, Tenn. under the command of Capt. A. S.
Cloak and Col. A. J. Morrison.  The regiment was attached to the 3rd division of the cavalry
corps - Army of the Potomac.  Served on the staff of Col. Morrison in the Wilderness campaign
May 3rd to June 1864.  Engaged at Wilderness May 5-7, 1864, Germania Ford, May 5th,
Spottsylvania, May 9-18, Unites States Ford, May 19, North Anna, May 23-27, on line of
Pamunkie River, May 26-28, Tolopotomy, May 28-31, Mauchump's creek, May 31, Ashland
Station, June 1, Cold Harbor, June 1 & 2, Havertown, Salem Church and Hawes Shop, June 2.  
Served on the staff of Gen. J. H. Wilson, commander of the 3rd cavalry division until Sept. 1.  
Engaged at Hawe's shop June 3, Bethesda Church June 11, White Oak Swamp June 13,
Smith's store June 15, Weldon R. R. June 20, Jerusalem Plank Rd. June 22-23, Milford Station
June 27, before Petersburg, June 25, Winchester Aug 17, Summitt Point Aug 21, Middleway
Aug 21, near Kearnesville Aug 25.

      Sept 1, 1864, he was injured by his horse falling, breaking both bones in his right forearm.
 He was carrying dispatches at the time.  Received 30 days leave of absence, then returned to
regiment and was commissioned Captain of Company K of the same regiment.  Engaged at
Bridgewater Oct 2, Tomsbrook Oct 8-9, Cedar Creek Oct 13, Cedar Creek battle Oct 19,
Newtown Nov 12, Rides Hill Nov 22, Lacey's Spring Dec 21, Moorefield Feb 22, 1865,
Waynesboro March 2, New Ashland Mar 15, Dinwiddie Church Mar 30-31.  At Five Forks Apr
1, was wounded by gunshot wound to right ankle.  Remained with regiment, engaged in fall of
Petersburg, Apr 2.  Wounded here in right side of head, was in hospital at Petersburg, VA..
Received a leave of absence, returned in 30 days to Alexandria, VA and was promoted to
Major Aug 4, 1865.  Honorably discharged Aug 8, 1865 at Trenton, NJ by general order and
close of the war.

      He was Post Commander of the J. W. Conover Post, GAR. No 61 at Freehold, NJ.  His
father, Joseph A. Yard was Captain of Company G, 10 U.S. Infantry in the war with Mexico, and
Captain of Company A, 3rd New Jersey Vol. Infantry in the Civil War.  He had five brothers that
served in the civil war.  This was presented by comrade A.A. Yard to his wife Carrie A. and
children, James M., Alexander S., Mary and George R., Nov 1910.
Click here for war-time diary of Capt. Yard
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